Organization of transportation of fresh fruits and vegetables

Brad Wickwire

June 22nd, 2013

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A significant percentage of all shipments are fresh fruits and vegetables. Not every trucking company can be trusted with transportation of such specific cargo. After all, it belongs to the perishable category and requires compliance with a number of special rules of transportation. I would like to recommend best cheap movers NYC, they will do everything quickly and efficiently.

Difficulties of transporting fresh fruits and vegetables

Special packaging and specially equipped vehicles must be used to move horticultural products. Transportation of this category of cargo by non-specialized transport is allowed only if the time from the moment of loading and to the beginning of unloading is up to 6 hours. But even in this case, it must be a van or vehicle with a tarpaulin cover. In both cases, ventilation must be provided.

In the case of a longer stay on the road, cargo is transported in refrigerated vans. They must maintain a certain temperature regime, humidity level and some other parameters. Submitted for loading the vehicle, designed for refrigerated transport, preliminarily subjected to sanitary treatment. Fruit and vegetable products are distributed according to a number of parameters:

  • species;
  • variety;
  • degree of maturity.

Transported products must be dry and clean, with no visible damage. Non-standard fruits and vegetables, over-ripe, sluggish or rotten products should not be allowed in the refrigerated transport. Cherries and cherries without peduncles and unripe tomatoes must not be accepted for carriage. Mixed loads may be transported only after compatibility testing.

Each type of product has an optimum temperature for transportation. Therefore, in summer the vehicle is cooled, and in winter it is heated to a set temperature standard. It must be the same during loading and unloading. For transportation of each type of product, containers that meet the requirements of GOST are used.

In order to avoid a lack of oxygen in the vehicle, internal ventilation or the provision of fresh air from the outside is used.

Rules of transportation of horticultural products

When transporting berries, fruits and vegetables over long distances, there are three basic rules to remember:

  • calculate the route, taking into account the time during which the products are able to fully preserve their commercial appearance and quality;
  • ensure that optimal temperature conditions are maintained at all times;
  • when transporting group cargo requiring the same temperature, focus on the most unstable goods in terms of storage time.

There are also a number of additional requirements. For example, the container with the load should not stand directly on the floor and reach the ceiling. It is necessary to leave gaps for air circulation. The packaging must be environmentally friendly and safe. If the product is arranged in several rows in the container, the firmer fruits should be placed at the bottom and the softer ones at the top.

Do not transport strong-smelling foods (such as onions, garlic, potatoes, citrus fruits) with other fruits and vegetables. Otherwise, the latter will absorb odors and lose their characteristic taste qualities. There are also restrictions on the speed of vehicles transporting fruit and vegetables (up to 90 km/h on international, national and regional highways and up to 60 on local roads).

Summing up all of the above, it should be noted that the transportation of fresh fruit and vegetables can not be trusted to every firm, even if it is engaged in the transportation of goods professionally. For this you need to have at their disposal specialized vehicles.  Qualified personnel, experienced drivers can provide delivery of the most demanding to the conditions of storage and transportation of products in any region of the country.

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